Nobel Prize interviews

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Since early 2000s when I joined the Daneshmand magazine, Iran's oldest scientific publication, I started, under the supervision of my former chief editor and close friend, Ali Akbar Ghazvini, to conduct exclusive interviews with prominent scientists of the world, especially the Nobel Prize laureates in physics, chemistry and physiology or medicine. This initiative was welcomed by a great number of readers across Iran and considered as a tribute to the country's scientific community. I'm glad that I have had this opportunity which the proficient journalist and amiable companion Ali Akbar Ghazvini provided for me, and so far have interviewed dozens of Nobel Prize laureates. This experience has given diversity to my career and enriched my understanding of the surrounding world. In this section, you'll find my exclusive interviews with the Nobel Prize laureates which were originally printed in Persian in the Daneshmand magazine.

Exclusive interview: 1993 Nobel Peace Prize laureate F. W. de Klerk

Exclusive interview: 1993 Nobel Peace Prize laureate F. W. de Klerk

Kourosh Ziabari - Tehran Times: When the deep-rooted system of racial discrimination and segregation in South Africa, known as "Apartheid", was officially terminated in 1994, almost the entire world came to believe that it's possible to put an end to longstanding and complicated disputes and conflicts within the national boundaries through dialog and meaningful negotiations, and that is why the Norwegian Nobel Committee recognized the strenuous efforts made by the last president of apartheid era F. W. de Klerk and the first black president of the nation Nelson Mandela in 1993 by awarding them the Nobel Peace Prize. F. W. de Klerk, who ruled South Africa as the president from August 1989 to May 1994, was the harbinger of negotiations...

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My exclusive interview with 1996 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Jose Ramos-Horta

My exclusive interview with 1996 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Jose Ramos-Horta

Kourosh Ziabari - Tehran Times: East Timor: a country about which we rarely think or of which there are not usually groundbreaking headlines on the newspapers and TV channels. It's a small nation located in the Southeast Asia adjacent to the Indonesian Archipelago, with a population of about 1,172,000. It's economy is emerging and its trade ties with the rest of the world are getting developed. However, East Timor, also known in Portuguese as Timor-Leste, has had a tumultuous and turbulent history which was that of a continued plight and predicament. As a result of its geostrategic importance, it has been invaded over the past centuries by different colonial powers: the Portuguese, the Dutch, the Australians, the Japanese and...

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Sanctions throttle trade and human economic betterment

Sanctions throttle trade and human economic betterment

  Kourosh Ziabari - Tehran Times: Prof. Vernon L. Smith believes that economic sanctions cannot contribute to furthering the objectives of the mankind and simply throttle trade and human economic betterment. According to the prominent American economist, dynamic and massive trade with other countries is an advantage, but inevitably leads to indebtedness and entails its own difficulties. “Trade increases specialization and growth in income, most dramatically in countries with lower wages and material costs; their exports rise faster than their imports; their surplus foreign currency earnings are invested in these foreign countries. Chinese dollars earned from net exports are returned to the U.S. as capital inflows, used to...

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Interview: Edmund Phelps, 2006 Nobel Prize laureate in economics

Interview: Edmund Phelps, 2006 Nobel Prize laureate in economics

Kourosh Ziabari- Tehran Times: The United States’ economy is experiencing ups and downs these days, especially following the eruption of the widespread economic crisis that began to take in the West since early 2010. The United States was once a thriving and robust economy; however, the American people are currently experiencing such questions as poverty, unemployment and other economic difficulties. Prominent economist and the 2006 Nobel Prize laureate in economics Edmund Phelps believes that the economic disadvantage in the United States is far more extreme than it is in countries such as Switzerland or Uruguay. “I know there is a sense that the new technologies are not raising the value of labor in the production process,...

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Interview: Richard Ernst, 1991 Nobel Prize laureate in chemistry

Interview: Richard Ernst, 1991 Nobel Prize laureate in chemistry

Kourosh Ziabari - Richard Robert Ernst was born on August 13, 1933 in Winterthur, Switzerland. He lived in a house that his merchant grandfather had built in 1898. His father, Robert Ernst, was an architect and teacher at the city’s high school. Winterthur had a small but dexterous orchestra and also an industry in diesel motors and railway engines. The city where Richard was born was a historical city which was founded around 600-700. Foreign nationals from such countries as Germany, Italy, Macedonia, Turkey, Serbia, Austria, Spain, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina make up the city’s population. The town is known for its prominent institute of higher education, Technikum, which is the largest school of technology across...

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Interview: Antony Hewish,1974 Nobel Prize laureate in physics

Interview: Antony Hewish,1974 Nobel Prize laureate in physics

Kourosh Ziabari - Interview with Prof. Antony Hewish, the 1974 Nobel Prize laureate in physics is important for me since I consider it an exploration in the history of radio astronomy. Antony Hewish, Fellow of the Royal Society was born on May 11, 1924 in Cornwall, Britain. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1974, together with fellow radio-astronomer Martin Ryle, for his work on the development of radio aperture synthesis and its role in the discovery of pulsars. The 88-year-old scientist is one of the first Nobel Prize laureates who are still alive. His close friend and colleague Martin Ryle passed away in 1984 and a great number of his students and fans, lost the opportunity to learn from this prominent British...

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Interview: Anthony Leggett, 2003 Nobel Prize laureate in physics

Interview: Anthony Leggett, 2003 Nobel Prize laureate in physics

Kourosh Ziabari - Sir Anthony James Leggett was born on March 26, 1938 in Camberwell, London, UK. Honored with the Order of British Empire, Leggett is the 2003 Nobel Prize laureate in physics. He is a Professor of Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. As one of the most prominent physicists of the 21st century, Sir Anthony Leggett specializes in the low-temperature physics and was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in physics for his extensive research on super-fluidity. The forbearers of Prof. Leggett's father were cobblers in a small village in Hampshire. However, his father changed this tradition and started working as a greengrocer. His father explains that how he would ride with Anthony to London to buy vegetables and...

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Interview: Klaus von Klitzing, 1985 Nobel Prize laureate in Physics

Interview: Klaus von Klitzing, 1985 Nobel Prize laureate in Physics

Kourosh Ziabari - Doing interviews with prominent scientists, especially the Nobel Prize laureates who eternalize their name in the history of science by achieving impressive and extraordinary breakthroughs is always a pleasure. It gives one the opportunity to enjoy the insight of these perceptive and intelligent scientists and opens new windows to one's understanding of the surrounding world. Klaus von Klitzing was born on June 28, 1943 in Schroda, Reichsgau Posen, Germany, during the days of World War II. He received a diploma in physics from the Braunschweig University of Technology. This university is the oldest technical institute of higher education in Germany which was established in 1745 and currently has more than 14,000...

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Interview: Heinrich Rohrer, 1986 Nobel Prize laureate in Physics

Interview: Heinrich Rohrer, 1986 Nobel Prize laureate in Physics

Kourosh Ziabari - Doing interviews with Nobel Prize laureates in different fields, whether in chemistry, physics or medicine, especially those laureates who were awarded the prestigious prize in the past decades, is a great opportunity to explore the history of science and get acquainted with the truths and realities regarding the groundbreaking achievements which were made in the sphere of science when many of us were still very young and unaware about what the world's greatest scholars and researchers were doing to pay homage to humanity and improve our understanding of the planet and universe we live in. Now, we return to more than 26 years ago to interview a Swiss scientist who won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for his important...

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Interview: Frank Wilczek, 2004 Nobel Prize laurate in Physics

Interview: Frank Wilczek, 2004 Nobel Prize laurate in Physics

Kourosh Ziabari - We have arrived at another station of exclusive interviews with the world's renowned scientists and Nobel Prize laureates. This time, we have talked to the 61-year-old American theoretical physicist and mathematician, Frank Wilczek. Frank Anthony Wilczek was born on May 15, 1951 in Mineola , New York . He currently works as a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with Prof. David Gross and H. David Politzer for their discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction. Wilczek received his Bachelor of Science in Mathematics at the University of Chicago in 1970, a Master of Arts in Mathematics at Princeton University , 1972,...

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Interview: Roald Hoffman, 1981 Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry

Interview: Roald Hoffman, 1981 Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry

Kourosh Ziabari - Prof. Roald Hoffmann is a unique personality in the history of chemistry and one of the world's well-renowned theoretical chemists and it is a thrilling experience to read an in-depth interview with him. It might be asserted that Prof. Hoffmann is the world's most literature-loving chemist, as he has published several poetry and play books and some plays by him have even been performed. Roald Hoffman was born on July 18, 1937 and is 75 years old now. He was born to Polish parents in the city of Zolochiv which is now located in Ukraine. His parents named him in honor of the famous Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen. He was awarded the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with the Japanese chemist Kenichi Fukui “for their...

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